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The History and Benefits of Turmeric You Need to Know

The History and Benefits of Turmeric You Need to Know

Turmeric and Curcumin | The Golden Herb with Long History and Many Benefits

Turmeric, one of the Golden Herb in our daily life has been proved huge benefits by famous scientist and many actress.

It grows on the ground and its rhizome is golden yellow.

It is both an ingredient and a medicinal herb.

Occasionally it can used as pigment.

Can you guess, what is it?

Guess! What is it?
Difference between Curcumin and Turmeric

Yes, it is turmeric.

Turmeric, like ginger, is a plant of the ginger family. The turmeric we eat is a golden powder from the root of the plant. It’s bitter and pungent in taste, but so popular that it becomes more and more popular in recent years.

For example:

  • Gwyneth Paltrow, who plays Pepper in Iron Man, loves turmeric and she has shared the recipe for turmeric lattes on her website.
  • Daisy Ridley, who played Rey in Star Wars, put turmeric on her face and recorded it on video and posted it online.

IT’S ALL YELLOW! 

Star Wars actress Daisy Ridley accidentally dyes her hands and face with DIY Tumeric scrub mask

Turmeric is good for face

Curcumin has the effect of relieving acne on the skin, and has good effect of removing acne and eliminating acne. It has strong antioxidant and anti-aging effects. Whitening effect is good, it is 80 times of arbutin. Curcumin is phototoxic and can be used as a powerful photosensitivist in antimicrobial therapy.

In vitro studies have shown that curcumin activated by blue light can increase the number of oxygen free radicals in cells, disrupt the permeability of bacterial cell membranes and ultimately lead to the death of S. aureus.

Starbucks also saw the opportunity and offered turmeric lattes as a seasonal addition to its stores in the London area of the UK.

Turmeric coffee

Never heard of this ingredient? But I bet you have eaten, because turmeric is the core ingredient in curry, and the yellow-orange happy color of curry comes from turmeric.

Although you may not believe it, the root of this little plant has been proven in several scientific studies to improve osteoarthritis, obesity, heart disease, diabetes, liver damage, and has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic!

If you are also curious about the turmeric, let’s get to know this unique ingredient today.

Turmeric— A Golden Herb with A Long History

  • A long story

Turmeric (haldi in Hindi) is a golden herb with a long history. The earliest use of turmeric dates back to the ancient Indian physician Sushruta, who recommended the turmeric ointment to cure food poisoning. In the following years, the spice entered China, Africa and Jamaica. Turmeric has been used by ancient healers and religious leaders and has slowly making its way into the Western world.

  • For wedding

Turmeric is believed to be associated with spiritual cleanliness and fertility. For this reason, it is used in Hindu weddings to purify and bless the newly married couples. The bride and groom got pasted on their faces  and bodies during the ceremony, and then washed off before the wedding. It is believed to remove the negative emotions from the mind, body, and soul.

Turmeric used in Hindu weddings

With its bright golden hue, turmeric is associated with the ancient sun God, the main focus of traditional Hindu beliefs. Yellow garments are also made from this colorful spice, reflecting the spirit of Krishna, who often wore yellow garments.

What Is the Difference Between Turmeric and Curcumin?

You’ve probably heard about the amazing health benefits of turmeric. Sometimes called ‘poor man’s saffron’, it’s a humble spice that’s made it to the big time.

But it’s hard to read about this superfood without stumbling across the word ‘curcumin’. As one of the major compounds of turmeric – with a wealth of health benefits to boot – it may seem like this nifty nutrient is hogging the limelight. But what is curcumin? Why is it so special? And most importantly, what’s the benefits of Curcumin

Curcumin is a nutrient extracted from turmeric, and we can get about 5g of curcumin from per 100g of turmeric. Like allicin, it is not an essential nutrient for the body, but it can inhibit bacterial growth and fight inflammation.

The story of turmeric being used to heal food poisoning

Curcumin is an antiseptic, and when combined with its good friend garlic, it will definitely half the work with double results. When food is improperly frozen and then repeatedly thawed, spores of bacillus cereus can germinate in food, causing the person who eats it to vomit and diarrhea.

For example, when seafood is not fully cooked or properly marinated, the bacteria Parahaemolyticus can come out and cause trouble.

In 1950, in Osaka, Japan, an outbreak of food poisoning caused by parahaemoly saccharide caused severe abdominal pain after people ate improperly processed dried herring. 272 patients were confirmed to have been poisoned, 20 of whom died.

Also because bacteria are everywhere, a team of researchers from India want to find a low-cost, readily available sterilizing foods.

After chemical tests, they found that a 5% concentration of turmeric extract combined with garlic extract can inhibited the growth of a variety of bacteria, including Bacillus cereus and B. parapsilosis. Both of these ingredients can be found in curry.

Curcumin has benefits of anti-inflammatory

In addition, curcumin has been shown to relieve inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis.

A study at the University of Arizona showed that feeding curcumin to mice effectively inhibited arthritis and even joint damage in mice. The mechanism here, is that curcumin inhibits a protein in mice that initiates inflammation, NF-κB. In addition, Wuhan University Central South Hospital also found that curcumin can treat ulcerative colitis by inhibiting NF-κB.

Curcumin has benefits against depression

Curcumin has shown some promise in treating depression. In a controlled trial, 60 people with depression were randomized into three groups[1].

One group took Prozac, another group took 1 gram of curcumin, and the third group took both Prozac and curcumin. After 6 weeks, curcumin had led to improvements similar to those of Prozac. The group that took both Prozac and curcumin fared best.

According to this small study, curcumin is as effective as an antidepressant. Depression is also linked to reduced levels of BDNF and a shrinking hippocampus, a brain area with a role in learning and memory. Curcumin can help boost BDNF levels, potentially reversing some of these changes[2].

There’s also some evidence that curcumin can boost the brain neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine [3].

Reference

[1] Sanmukhani J, Satodia V, Trivedi J, Patel T, Tiwari D, Panchal B, Goel A, Tripathi CB. Efficacy and safety of curcumin in major depressive disorder: a randomized controlled trial. Phytother Res. 2014 Apr;28(4):579-85. doi: 10.1002/ptr.5025. Epub 2013 Jul 6. PMID: 23832433.

[2] S.K. Kulkarni, Ashish Dhir, Kiran Kumar Akula, “Potentials of Curcumin as an Antidepressant”, The Scientific World Journal, vol. 9, Article ID 624894, 9 pages, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2009.137

[3] Kulkarni, S.K., Bhutani, M.K. & Bishnoi, M. Antidepressant activity of curcumin: involvement of serotonin and dopamine system. Psychopharmacology 201, 435 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-008-1300-y